A hybrid discriminant fuzzy DNN with enhanced modularity bat algorithm for speech recognition

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In recent years, speech processing resides a major application in the domain of signal processing. Due to the audibility loss of some speech signals, people with hearing impairment have difficulty in understanding speech, which reintroduces a crucial role in speech recognition. Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) development is a major challenge in research in the case of noise, domain, vocabulary size, and language and speaker variability. Speech recognition system design needs careful attention to challenges or issues like performance and database evaluation, feature extraction methods, speech representations and speech classes. In this paper, HDF-DNN model has been proposed with the hybridization of discriminant fuzzy function and deep neural network for speech recognition. Initially, the speech signals are pre-processed to eliminate the unwanted noise and the features are extracted using Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC). A hybrid Deep Neural Network and Discriminant Fuzzy Logic is used for assisting hearing-impaired listeners with enhanced speech intelligibility. Both DNN and DF have some problems with parameters to address this problem, Enhanced Modularity function-based Bat Algorithm (EMBA) is used as a powerful optimization tool. The experimental results show that the proposed automatic speech recognition-based hybrid deep learning model is effectively-identifies speech recognition more than the MFCC-CNN, CSVM and Deep auto encoder techniques. The proposed method improves the overall accuracy of 8.31%, 9.71% and 10.25% better than, MFCC-CNN, CSVM and Deep auto encoder respectively.

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Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems

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