Recognition of Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) Using YOLOv2 and Classification Based on Convolutional Neural Network

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Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the deadliest forms of arthritis. If not treated at an early stage, it may lead to knee replacement. That is why early diagnosis of KOA is necessary for better treatment. Manually KOA detection is a time-consuming and error-prone task. Computerized methods play a vital role in accurate and speedy detection. Therefore, the classification and localization of the KOA method are proposed in this work using radiographic images. The two-dimensional radiograph images are converted into three-dimensional and LBP features are extracted having the dimension of N × 59 out of which the best features of N × 55 are selected using PCA. The deep features are also extracted using Alex-Net and Dark-net-53 with the dimensions of N × 1024 and N × 4096, respectively, where N represents the number of images. Then, N × 1000 features are selected individually from both models using PCA. Finally, the extracted features are fused serially with the dimension of N × 2055 and passed to the classifiers on a 10-fold cross-validation that provides an accuracy of 90.6% for the classification of KOA grades. The localization model is proposed with the combination of an open exchange neural network (ONNX) and YOLOv2 that is trained on the selected hyper-parameters. The proposed model provides 0.98 mAP for the localization of classified images. The experimental analysis proves that the presented framework provides better results as compared to existing works.

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