Significance of aggregation of nanoparticles, activation energy, and Hall current to enhance the heat transfer phenomena in a nanofluid: a sensitivity analysis

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The mechanisms involved in the heat transport enhancement due to suspended nanoparticles are still unclear. Many studies have shown that nanoparticle aggregation is a key aspect of increasing nanofluid thermal conductivity. Nevertheless, the fractal dimension of nanoparticle aggregation will have a substantial impact on the nanofluid’s thermal conductivity. Therefore, the present study examines the influence of nanoparticle aggregation and Hall current on the nanoliquid flow past a spinning disk. The importance of Arrhenius activation energy is also investigated. A revised correlation for the aggregation mechanism is attained using the modified Krieger-Dougherty model (KD-model) and the Maxwell-Bruggeman model (MB-model). A similarity technique and finite difference method are used to construct the numerical solutions for the boundary value problem. The 2D plots and 3D surface plots are shown to investigate how different key parameters impact the velocity, temperature, and concentration fields. The study highlights that the Hall current has a beneficial effect on the fluid flow field. Higher activation energy leads to a productive chemical reaction which, improves the concentration layer. The thermal boundary for NPs aggregation is superior than to that without NPs aggregation, and the suspension of nanoparticles will have a favorable impact on the thermal layer.

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Waves in Random and Complex Media



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