Psychosocial impact of ocular surface allergic inflammatory disorders

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Purpose of reviewAllergic rhinoconjunctivitis is one of the most common ocular surface allergic inflammatory conditions seen in primary care that impacts patient's quality of life. Allergic conjunctivitis is increasingly being recognized as its own symptom complex that negatively impacts patient's quality of life separate from allergic rhinitis. This article reviews the psychosocial impact of ocular surface allergic inflammatory disorders (namely seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, ocular allergy, perennial allergic conjunctivitis, and atopic keratoconjunctivitis) on adult and pediatric populations.Recent findingsDespite the perception that allergic conjunctivitis is a trivial condition, it imposes a burden on numerous psychosocial aspects of life for adolescents and adults. Several questionnaires specific to rhinoconjunctivitis have been found to be effective tools at gauging quality of life (QoL) and communicating impairments in specific behavioral domains for adult and pediatric populations. An emerging focus on the role of hormone fluctuations and age on ocular surface allergic inflammation underscores the importance of nuancing the physiologic effects on ocular allergy and QoL at every decade of life.SummaryFurther exploration and research of symptoms by age would greatly improve our understanding of age's impact on QoL in these patients and contribute to improved management of allergic conjunctivitis.

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Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology

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