The influence of sea breeze on mold spore dispersion

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Background: Many allergists consider the ocean breeze to be free of allergens and recommend visits to the coast for relief; however, the coast may perpetuate an allergenic environment. Objective: This study investigated the sea breeze's impact on spore dispersion between coastal and inland sites, and the potential implications of sea breeze on human health and coastal resources. Methods: Spore sampling occurred during 2006 by using pollen samplers. Samplers were located at the Rutgers University Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences Marine Field Station and the Rutgers University Pinelands Field Station. Statistical analysis was performed on the spore data to compare concentrations from the various locations. The effect of sea breeze circulation on particulate matter was analyzed from meteorological data collected in 2006. Sea breeze data were collected from simulations, Doppler radar, and meteorological towers at varying heights. Results: There was no significant difference between the total spore concentration at the New Jersey coast and the New Jersey Pinelands canopy. Conclusion: Sea breeze has been shown to favor aerobiologic transfers from coastal seawater to land, but the immediate environment (floor) still remains a primary determinant of affecting an individual's allergic airway disease. Results of some studies have shown that coastal environments may favor the onset allergic airway, but in our study this seemed to be equivalent to the floor (or immediate locale) of an individual affected with allergy. However, the sea breeze effect seemed to have the ability to impact allergic airway disease (AAD) populations not only living along the coasts but of those living up to 130 km inland and potentially those living in the Philadelphia metropolitan area.

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Allergy and Asthma Proceedings

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