Epidemiologic methods to estimate insufficient sleep in the us population

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This study explored the divergence in population-level estimates of insufficient sleep (<6 h) by examining the explanatory role of race/ethnicity and contrasting values derived from logistic and Poisson regression modeling techniques. We utilized National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to test our hypotheses among 20–85 year-old non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White adults. We estimated the odds ratios using the transformed logistic regression and Poisson regression with robust variance relative risk and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of insufficient sleep. Comparing non-Hispanic White (10176) with non-Hispanic Black (4888) adults (mean age: 50.61 ± 18.03 years, female: 50.8%), we observed that the proportion of insufficient sleepers among non-Hispanic Blacks (19.2–26.1%) was higher than among non-Hispanic Whites (8.9–13.7%) across all age groupings. The converted estimated relative risk ranged from 2.12 (95% CI: 1.59, 2.84) to 2.59 (95% CI: 1.92, 3.50), while the estimated relative risks derived directly from Poisson regression analysis ranged from 1.84 (95% CI: 1.49, 2.26) to 2.12 (95% CI: 1.64, 2.73). All analyses indicated a higher risk of insufficient sleep among non-Hispanic Blacks. However, the estimates derived from logistic regression modeling were considerably higher, suggesting the direct estimates of relative risk ascertained from Poisson regression modeling may be a preferred method for estimating population-level risk of insufficient sleep.

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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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