The Feasibility of Community-Based, Supervised Exercise Programs to Engage and Monitor Patients in a Postrehabilitation Setting

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Objective. To evaluate the feasibility of disease-specific, community-based supervised exercise programs (CSEPs) to improve biometric and functional outcomes among persons with a variety of chronic medical conditions. Design. Feasibility, cohort study. Subjects were recruited through community placed flyers and provider offices. Exercise programs consisted of aerobic and resistance training that adhered to American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. A Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to assess program outcomes. Setting. Ten, community-based, medical fitness centers. Subjects. A total of 382 total participants. The number of participants in each CSEP ranged from 38 to 119. Individuals were 18 years of age or older and treated for various chronic medical conditions. Results. Varied by cohort, but generally consisted of (a) favorable changes in body composition (P <.05), (b) significant improvements in submaximal exercise tolerance and functional outcome measures (P <.05), and (3) significant increase in self-reported exercise behaviors (P <.05). Conclusion. CSEPs improve outcomes in patients with chronic medical conditions and may be relevant within the continuum of care in outpatient rehabilitation medicine, particularly among bundled or value-based payment models. Further research is needed to evaluate outcomes from CSEPs versus controls.

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American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

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