Overview of Autophagy
Autophagy plays a direct or indirect role in health and disease. A simplified definition of autophagy is that it is an exceedingly complex process which degrades modified, superfluous (surplus), or damaged cellular macromolecules and whole organelles using hydrolytic enzymes in the lysosomes. It consists of sequential steps of induction of autophagy, formation of autophagosome precursor, formation of autophagosomes, fusion between autophagosome and lysosome, degradation of cargo contents, efflux transportation of degraded products to the cytoplasm, and lysosome reformation.
Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging Volume 10
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Hayat, M. A., "Overview of Autophagy" (2016). Kean Publications. 1775.