Bullying behavior, parents' work hours and early adolescents' perceptions of time spent with parents
This research investigates the relationships among bullying behavior, mother's and father's work hours, and early adolescents' perceptions of whether they spend sufficient time with their parents. In cross-sectional models, we find maternal work hours are modestly associated with increases in bullying behavior. However, in more rigorous change models, our findings indicate that over time maternal work hours bear no direct relationship to bullying behavior. Moreover, in our final models, an interaction between father's work hours and perceptions of time spent with him has one of the most robust associations with bullying for adolescents. When paternal employment is full- or overtime and youth perceive they do not spend enough with their fathers, bullying behavior increases. Other important factors that shape bullying behavior are the quality of the home environment and the adolescent's school performance. © 2011 SAGE Publications.
Youth and Society
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Christie-Mizell, C. André; Keil, Jacqueline M.; Laske, Mary Therese; and Stewart, Jennifer, "Bullying behavior, parents' work hours and early adolescents' perceptions of time spent with parents" (2011). Kean Publications. 2250.