Detection and Grade Classification of Diabetic Retinopathy and Adult Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy Based on Ophthalmoscopy Images

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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) and adult vitelliform macular dystrophy (AVMD) may cause significant vision impairment or blindness. Prompt diagnosis is essential for patient health. Photographic ophthalmoscopy checks retinal health quickly, painlessly, and easily. It is a frequent eye test. Ophthalmoscopy images of these two illnesses are challenging to analyse since early indications are typically absent. We propose a deep learning strategy called ActiveLearn to address these concerns. This approach relies heavily on the ActiveLearn Transformer as its central structure. Furthermore, transfer learning strategies that are able to strengthen the low-level features of the model and data augmentation strategies to balance the data are incorporated owing to the peculiarities of medical pictures, such as their limited quantity and generally rigid structure. On the benchmark dataset, the suggested technique is shown to perform better than state-of-the-art methods in both binary and multiclass accuracy classification tasks with scores of 97.9% and 97.1%, respectively.

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Electronics (Switzerland)



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