Artificial intelligence as a double-edged sword: Wielding the POWER principles to maximize its positive effects and minimize its negative effects

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Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) over the last few decades are transforming the world, pervading nearly all sectors of society, including education, and many aspects of life. In the education discourse, interest in artificial intelligence has sparked various reactions and controversies—everything from appreciation for AI's capabilities to make teaching and student learning more efficient and effective to apprehension about their potential overuse and misuse. In this article, the authors discuss how artificial intelligence is a double-edged sword in early childhood education by presenting some of its positive effects (personalized learning, personalized interactive support, and increased accessibility to broadened learning experiences) and negative effects (overuse and misuse). Considering that young children are growing up in a nearly AI-ubiquitous world and are likely exposed to AI-powered tools, the authors propose applying the POWER (purposeful, optimal, wise, ethical, responsible) principles to maximize the benefits and minimize the drawbacks of AI use. Additionally, the authors recommend the integration of the POWER principles into AI literacy as an imperative for promoting the appropriate use of AI-powered tools.

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Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood



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