An Outsourced Decryption ABE Model using ECC in Internet of Things

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Internet of Things (IoT) is a modern technology that is applicable almost everywhere nowadays. Everything is connected to the Internet in the modern digital era. IoT is a collection of things that are interconnected to share information. Devices connected to IoT networks have some limitations in performing heavy computational tasks because of the availability of less computational and battery power. Attribute Based Encryption (ABE) is a modern public-key cryptographic technique that provides privacy with access control. The bilinear map is an expensive operation that is used in most of the ABE schemes. Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) is an alternative for bilinear pairing to reduce the computation of encryption and decryption in ABE schemes. The process of encryption and decryption of ABE is a heavy computational task for resource-constrained devices. In this paper, an outsourcing-based decryption of ABE using ECC is proposed to reduce the decryption overhead of devices that have limited computational resources. Our scheme divides the computation of the decryption of ABE into two stages: first, the partial decryption of ciphertext in the cloud server, and second, the final decryption of partially decrypted ciphertext by the data user to retrieve the original message. This scheme is secure against the malicious cloud server by adding a blinding factor into the secret to be shared. The blinding factor is shared with intended users through attribute authority. The experimental results demonstrate that our scheme can reduce the decryption complexity and save the computational time of devices, compared to the existing schemes. Thus the proposed scheme is applicable for lightweight devices used in IoT.

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International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowldege-Based Systems

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