In vitro characterization of guanylyl cyclase bdpepr2 from brachypodium distachyon identified through a motif-based approach

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In recent years, cyclic guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) and guanylyl cyclases (GCs), which catalyze the formation of cGMP, were implicated in a growing number of plant processes, including plant growth and development and the responses to various stresses. To identify novel GCs in plants, an amino acid sequence of a catalytic motif with a conserved core was designed through bioinformatic analysis. In this report, we describe the performed analyses and consider the changes caused by the introduced modification within the GC catalytic motif, which eventually led to the description of a plasma membrane receptor of peptide signaling molecules—BdPepR2 in Brachypodium distachyon. Both in vitro GC activity studies and structural and docking analyses demonstrated that the protein could act as a GC and contains a highly conserved 14-aa GC catalytic center. However, we observed that in the case of BdPepR2, this catalytic center is altered where a methionine instead of the conserved lysine or arginine residues at position 14 of the motif, conferring higher catalytic activity than arginine and alanine, as confirmed through mutagenesis studies. This leads us to propose the expansion of the GC motif to cater for the identification of GCs in monocots. Additionally, we show that BdPepR2 also has in vitro kinase activity, which is modulated by cGMP.

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International Journal of Molecular Sciences



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