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James Lucena and his daughter-in-law Joanna Leonora Lucena wrote to John Kean, addressed to Beaufort. James wrote in response to a letter John wrote to his son John Charles, who is currently touring in Portugal. John "succeeded in the agency" of Port Wine Business in Great Britain. James is concerned about his “Alien property in America” and enquires about Negros working on his account. He advises John that a loan from Holland is more practical than Portugal. Joanna Leonora Lucena describes cultural differences, beautiful Sintra, and the death of a mutual friend.


James Lucena, Joanna Leonora Lucina, formerly Joanna Leonora Lavine


John Kean (1755-1795)

Creation Date


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The Liberty Hall Collection consists of the correspondence, financial records, legal documents, and other manuscript material of the Livingston and Kean families, dated from 1739-1847. The bulk of the collection is related to Susan Livingston Kean Niemcewicz (1759-1833). The Livingston and Kean families frequently corresponded and held accounts with other wealthy, prominent, colonial and early American families in New Jersey, especially Elizabethtown, Philadelphia, New York City, upstate New York, England, France, and Poland. A small portion of the collection includes correspondence with early Virginia families, unrelated to the Livingston and Kean families. The collection includes second hand accounts of enslaved people who were owned by the Kean and other families, offering a glimpse into their forced work and places of residence.

Inventory Location

Bay 1, Column 1, LHC Series 2


This collection is open to the public for research use. Copyright remains with Kean University. Credit this material. Personal photographs may be made for research purposes. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to Lynette Zimmerman, Executive Director at the Liberty Hall Academic Center & Exhibition Hall at

Publishing Repository

Special Collections Research Library and Archives, Kean University

James Lucena and Joanna Leonora Lucena to John Kean, September 1, 1784


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