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Margaret Rutledge, the widow of Thomas Rutledge (c1741-1783), declared ownership of the following enslaved people: 2 young male negro slaves named Cromwell and Mingo, a female named Beck and her 2 male children Vigo and Billey," despite that they were "taken and carried away" by the British. It was signed by Andrew Aggnew and Margaret Rutledge.


Margaret Rutledge (c1741-1830)

Creation Date


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The Liberty Hall Collection consists of the correspondence, financial records, legal documents, and other manuscript material of the Livingston and Kean families, dated from 1739-1847. The bulk of the collection is related to Susan Livingston Kean Niemcewicz (1759-1833). The Livingston and Kean families frequently corresponded and held accounts with other wealthy, prominent, colonial and early American families in New Jersey, especially Elizabethtown, Philadelphia, New York City, upstate New York, England, France, and Poland. A small portion of the collection includes correspondence with early Virginia families, unrelated to the Livingston and Kean families. The collection includes second hand accounts of enslaved people who were owned by the Kean and other families, offering a glimpse into their forced work and places of residence.

Inventory Location

Bay 1, Column 1, LHC Series 2


This collection is open to the public for research use. Copyright remains with Kean University. Credit this material. Personal photographs may be made for research purposes. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to Lynette Zimmerman, Executive Director at the Liberty Hall Academic Center & Exhibition Hall at

Publishing Repository

Special Collections Research Library and Archive, Kean University

Declaration of Margaret Rutledge's Ownership of Cromwell, Mingo, Beck, Vigo, and Billey, August 20, 1785


Book Location