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This legal document, between Susan Ursin Niemcewicz and Peter and Sarah Van Horn, is for the manumission (release from slavery) of Peter and Sarah Van Horn. The husband and wife were guaranteed payment, food, and clothing for future service to Susan. If one of them were to die, their wages would go to their son, Robert, at the completion of his service at the age of 25. It was signed in the presence of Mose Chandler. The file includes the original with signatures and marks, as well as a copy. There's additional text on the original verso stating that Peter and Sarah were paid after Susan's death, witnessed by James Crane.


Susan Ursin Niemcewicz, formerly Susan Livingston and Susan Kean (1759-1833)

Peter Van Horn, Sarah Van Horn

Creation Date


Document Type



Liberty Hall Collection, 1711-1847 (bulk 1790-1830)

Inventory Location

Bay 1, Column 2, LHC Series 2


This collection is open to the public for research use. Copyright remains with Kean University. Credit this material. Personal photographs may be made for research purposes. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to Lynette Zimmerman, Executive Director at the Liberty Hall Academic Center & Exhibition Hall at

Publishing Repository

Special Collections Research Library and Archive, Kean University

Susan Ursin Niemcewicz with Peter and Sarah Van Horn, May 2, 1829


Book Location