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Julian Niemcewicz wrote from Lublin, Poland to Susan U. Niemcewicz in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. Niemcewicz arrived in Lublin to see one of his sisters in the Convent of the Holy Sacrament. When he entered the “awful gothic building,” he rang a bell and a nun came out and ushered him into a parlor where he was separated from the interior of the Convent by an iron grate. A few moments later his sister appeared and upon seeing him, she threw herself on the floor and pronounced a fervent prayer that brought both of them to tears. After composing themselves, they spoke for two hours. His sister’s faith made her happy and she was never allowed to stir from the convent. Niemcewicz added an entry dated Puławy 28 November. He returned to celebrate the Princess’s birthday and it was celebrated with great solemnity. He made her a present of George Washington’s tea cup. It was custom that on a birthday friends make a present and his gift was very well received, although he was sorry to say the saucer broke on the strong roads between Hamburg and Berlin. At the party, they attended a Polish Opera and Performance, which Niemcewicz recounted in detail in his letter. Received a letter from the President of their Literary Society who informed Niemcewicz that he was chosen as a member. Niemcewicz added an entry dated Wieliczka 2 December. He was on the spot of the ancient and celebrated mines of salt. The valuable mines were discovered in the eleventh century under Boleslaus the Pious King of Poland and extend in a horizontal circumference of 14,400 feet at a depth of 720 feet. Julian described the mines in great detail in the remainder of his letter.


Julian Ursin Niemcewicz (1758-1841)

Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (1758-1841)


Susan Ursin Niemcewicz, formerly Susan Livingston and Susan Kean (1759-1833)

Creation Date


Creation Date


Document Type



Lublin, Poland


Liberty Hall Collection, 1711-1847 (bulk 1790-1830)

Inventory Location

Bay 1, Column 2, LHC Series 2


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Publishing Repository

Special Collections Research Library and Archive, Kean University

Julian Niemcewicz to Susan U. Niemcewicz, November 22, 1802


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