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John Kean wrote to Reverend James Carmakau, addressed to Princeton. John wrote about history and how seemingly small or insignificant moments can cause the most magnificent or disastrous events. He discussed events such as the Dark Ages, priesthood, and the Great Wall of China. It is possible that this was written for one of Kean's classes at Princeton College.


John Kean (1814-1895)


James Carmakau

Creation Date


Document Type



Location Unknown (possibly Princeton, NJ)


The Liberty Hall Collection consists of the correspondence, financial records, legal documents, and other manuscript material of the Livingston and Kean families, dated from 1739-1847. The bulk of the collection is related to Susan Livingston Kean Niemcewicz (1759-1833). The Livingston and Kean families frequently corresponded and held accounts with other wealthy, prominent, colonial and early American families in New Jersey, especially Elizabethtown, Philadelphia, New York City, upstate New York, England, France, and Poland. A small portion of the collection includes correspondence with early Virginia families, unrelated to the Livingston and Kean families. The collection includes second hand accounts of enslaved people who were owned by the Kean and other families, offering a glimpse into their forced work and places of residence.

Inventory Location

Bay 1, Column 2, LHC Series 3


This collection is open to the public for research use. Copyright remains with Kean University. Credit this material. Personal photographs may be made for research purposes. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to Lynette Zimmerman, Executive Director at the Liberty Hall Academic Center & Exhibition Hall at

Publishing Repository

Special Collections Research Library and Archive, Kean University

John Kean to Reverend James Carmakau, July 1, 1834


Book Location